PRP vs Anti-VEGF for PDR
Intravitreal VEGF blockade agents vs PRP for cases of PDR
Retinal Debate about the utilization of intravitreal VEGF blockade agents vs PRP for cases of PDR
In this webinar Mayssam Haykalliya will debate the use of intravitreal VEGF blockade agents for PDR vs Dr. Zeina Al junaidi, MD, FICO, ABO, SBO which will debate the use of PRP for PDR. As Ameen Marashi, MD, SBO will give the final verdict of rational utilization of the commercially available VEGF blockade agents and PRP. Dr. Ameen will host Dr Noura Almansoori, which is an Emirati consultant ophthalmologist specializing in medical retina and vitreoretinal surgeries. As she will share her experience with VEGF blockade agents and PRP utilization for PDR.
Each talk in this presentation is about five to seven minutes only
The use of intravitreal AntiVEGF for PDR
Dr.Mayssam Haykalliya (January 1995) a Syrian ophthalmology resident I graduated with a Doctor of medicine degree from Kalamoon university in 2019 and completed a Master training program in ophthalmology (MSc) in Hama national Hospital in same year. did my short-term fellowship in medical retina with Dr Ameen Marashi in 2022 .
The use of PRP for PDR
Dr. Zeina Al junaidi (March 1991) Graduated from Kalamoon private university with a medical degree in 2015 obtanied 3 certificates from the international council of ophthalmology (2017-2019) Membership of the Royal collage of Surgeons of Edinburgh (2020) Master training program of ophthalmology from eye surgical hospital Damascus Syria Certificate of Syrian board of ophthalmology 2020 Certificate of Arab Board of Ophthalmology 2021 A practicing ophthalmologist in Damascus Syria 🇸🇾
The verdict by Ameen Marashi in the rational use of intravitreal AntiVEGF vs PRP for PDR
Dr.Ameen Marashi (born December 9, 1983) is a Syrian ophthalmologist and retina specialist.He has published a number of books and research articles in the field of retina and is the Al-Marashi Clinics Group owner.He graduated with a Diploma degree in Medicine from the Chuvash State University Institute of Medicine in 2008, and a certificate from the International Council of Ophthalmology in 2013, and completed a specialization in ophthalmology in Tartous Hospitals in 2009, and from 2010 until 2013 in Aleppo, and obtained a certificate Syrian Board 2016.
Expert opinion on the use of intravitreal AntiVEGF vs PRPin clinical practice for PDR
Dr. Noura Almansoori, is an Emirati consultant ophthalmologist specializing in medical retina and vitreoretinal surgeries. She is working currently at Samaya specialized Center Abudhabi, and she is the deputy Medical director. She finished her fellowship in medical and surgical Retina at the University of Montreal, Canada where she accomplished all varieties of complex surgical procedures. She received multiple high-achievement awards during residency and fellowship. She is well recognized as the only Emirati female Vitreo-Retinal surgeon currently in practice.
For intravitreal AntiVEGF round:
A major breakthrough in the treatment of PDR has been the development of anti-VEGF medications. Studies have shown that anti-VEGF can be used in conjunction with PRP, if not instead of it.
In most studies, anti-VEGF results in improved VA gains and a significant reduction in CST. Anti-VEGF treatment has the additional advantage of regressing PDR back to NPDR more quickly in treated eyes. Due to the fact that anti-VEGFs can reduce the severity of DR, especially when DME coexists. Still, it remains to be seen whether anti-VEGF is better than PRP. Ophthalmologists in developing countries have been faced with this dilemma constantly. A patient's best treatment must take into account cost, compliance, and practicality.
For PRP round:
Every patient is a distinct case think of the patient’s lifestyle and examination statutes before making a decision
PRP is still a mainstay treatment for vitreous hemorrhage, patients who can’t follow up, pregnancy, and patients at high risk of cardio-cerebral vascular events. Always consider the chance of endophthalmitis and retinal detachment in every injection along with the increased cost burden on the patient.
For expert opinion round: Always think about the patient as a whole person
•Keep in mind different aspects of the DM
•Keep this as a checklist for you to tailor your treatment and
•Provide the best treatment for your patient
•Access to medications
•Access to laser
•THE CONDITION OF THE OTHER EYE
For verdict round:
PRP is a mainstay treatment for cases of very severe NPDR and early PDR without DME and in cases that are contraindicated to Anti-VEGF injections.
PRP is more durable and cost-effective.
PRP must be applied in cases of vitreous hemorrhage and rubeosis iridis.
In cases of high-risk PDR adding an intravitreal injection of Anti-VEGF will reduce the need for aggressive PRP with rapid regression of PDR.
In cases of PDR combined with DME, adding the intravitreal injection of VEGF will help to manage both proliferative changes and DME.
Always consider adding PRP when treating PDR with Anti-VEGF, especially in patients with compliance issues.
Intravitreal injection of Anti-VEGF will have rapid regression of PDR but it has a cost burden and the need for close follow up
Intravitreal injection of Anti-VEGF requires multiple injections annually.